The evidence for evolution is so overwhelming; to reject its veracity will be to reject your own sanity.  The fact that fossil, anatomical, genetic evidence pile up against the so called mystical/mythological origin of mankind and render it―nothing but a kind of social order and ideology; which has no business in metaphysics. Totalitarian vagary of mystics in rejecting evolutionary and scientific facts will never do any change to metaphysical facts on the ground. The facts will remain the same. Religion as a manmade system of arrogant fiction has no business sticking its nose in metaphysical inquires and explanations; but it can be used as a system of culture in which a society makes use of it as recreational escape into mythology. The struggle to make man the center of creation in mythology is so erroneous and a misguided manner of thinking.  The question that comes to me—most of the time; when I contemplate about reality is that: what type of force would allow the evolution of sentient beings and abandon them as orphans with cold blood callousness; even worse ―it designs them to feed on one another? Why type of creator should we call this? A sadist, mindless, or blind? It is really mind boggling. Furthermore, why would nature care about another animal out of the thousands and thousands of species that she created over billions of years of evolution? Why would man be ‘unique’? Why should nature care about a monkey’s opinion anyway? Nature does not care about our aspirations, hopes and dreams as well as wish list. Man is like some sort of unwanted fungus which happen to emerge out in a goldilocks zone; on a planet that happen to have surface water by chance; I say by chance because when we look at Venus; our neighbouring planet we do not see surface water or a thriving fauna and flora; which we see on earth to lead us astray into thinking that earth is made for us; but Venus is a hellish planet where Sulphuric acid rains; can you imagine sulphuric acid raining on a planet? If there were creatures on this planet would they assume that the planet is made for them? Would they assume that they are the chosen ones? If you go further back in our solar system we will find moons of planet Saturn like Titan for example where it so cold that methane rains; imagine methane as rain and as a lake? Considering all these facts and observing our surrounding in the solar system as well as our own body from head to toe and we will come to the conclusion that we are just another variety of creation by natural forces.  Evidently, our planet earth is a green hell and a land of cannibalism; where one species is designed to eat the other— that is why there is so much suffering on the planet; if earth was designed for us; if we were the center of creation—it should have been a utopia; but, unfortunately it is not. Anything that crawls, swims, walks, flies wants to eat you. That is the reality; if this so; if a house is designed without considering the occupant; then, we can safely deduce that the house is not made for the man. The most amazing thing that always comes to my mind is that in 3.8 billion years of evolution what nature could come up with is a superstitious, irrational, pugnacious, sloven mutant chimpanzee i.e. human as her Magnus opus or masterpiece; now does this show or indicate to us any purpose in creation? Our evolution has to be some sort of natural mandate or something―due to the laws of nature. Which needed to happen; not so much that it was chosen to happen. Now, let us see our true origin backed up by fossil, anatomical, and genetic evidence.



When Darwin published his book in 1871 there was no fossil evidence for the descent of man; but despite the condition—Darwin was certain our origin cannot be any different from other animals in nature; the Lucy skeleton for example was discovered in 1974 by Donald Johanson more than a century after the publication of the book. Other similar fossils which possess both human and animal features like bipedal locomotion were discovered later on. Especially, Homo naledi which was discovered recently in South Africa is a solid fossil evidence for our true origin; it possess in a striking manner both human and monkey features; it has a head of monkey but a foot of a human; which really scares you at first glance; you practically observe the work of nature and evolution in real time. Which indicates to us that man is just another modified animal who must be grouped with other animals who possess the same homology; he can never be seen as ‘unique’ like Darwin says on the preface of his book The descent of man—“man must be included with other organic beings in any general conclusion respecting his manner of appearance on this earth.”



In anatomical comparison which is a magnificent way of studying nature and its species; because there is only one tree of life; everything in nature whether plants and animals all branched from the same tree of life; thus, parallelism gives us a vivid and crystal clear idea and comprehension of the origin of species. In The descent of man which I recommend for you to read; the first three chapters are dedicated to homologous and rudimentary structures as well as reproductive similarities between man and other animals.  Your body itself is an evidence for your origin; your skeletal system; early embryonic development is the same with other animals. Bone structures like reduced tail bone or coccyx, your canines that you have like any dog; anatomical similarities that you posses with you cousin chimpanzees like your limbs which  are almost identical; drugs which work on you also work on your cousin apes— all  this points to the deduction that you are just another animal. As Darwin says―“It is notorious that man is constructed on the same general type or model with other mammals. All the bones in his skeleton can be compared with corresponding bones in a monkey, bat, or seal. So it is with his muscles, nerves, blood vessels and internal viscera. The brain, the most important of all the organs, follows the same law, as shown by Huxley and other anatomists. Bischoff, who is a hostile witness, admits that every chief fissure and fold in the brain of man has its analogy in that of the orang; but he adds that at no period of development do their brains perfectly agree; nor could this be expected, for otherwise their mental powers would have been the same.” [1]



Genetic science is relatively a new science former scientist like Darwin did not have genetic evidence to analyze; they just studied embryology to compare and contrast the similarities and differences between species. And you will be thrilled to know that more that the fossil or anatomical evidence; the genetic data is unequivocally solid; you and I have 46 chromosomes that we inherited form our parents; where each contribute 23 chromosomes; which we call haploids; when they become 46 it  is called diploid cells. Now, chimpanzees have 48 chromosomes amazingly human and chimps had the same amount of chromosomes until 5 million years ago but a mutation made human chromosomes 46 by attaching the second chromosomes together; thus our second chromosome which has 251 Million bases i.e. genetic codes of A-T and G-C; used to be two separate chromosomes in the past. This hiccup in nature gave birth to a mutant chimp called human; who erroneously prides himself or should I say fools himself as the center of creation. Can you imagine a drug resistant mosquito priding itself as ‘unique’ from other mosquitos? We should not be amazed by mutations; they happen all the time in viruses, bacteria, and in humans giving birth to several manifestations of pathology like Ebola, HIV, superbugs, and Patau syndrome as well as the evolution of new creatures that never existed before like Transgender sexuality and so forth―these aberrations in genetics are called by various terms like monosomy, trisomy, inversions, deletions, translocations, and transposition and so on. Thus, the evidence for our origin from some lower form is vivified even more by genetic evidence; which solidifies evolution as a fact without a doubt.



Thus, finally as we have discussed above in three sections in this essay in a short manner; man could only be a bi-product of evolutionary processes; he can never be unique and the center of the cosmos; at least not with his current intelligence today; what has been said hitherto in this essay of course contradicts the Bible and the Quran; but, honestly speaking who really cares? It has to contradict it anyway because modern day scientists are honest and much more sophisticated than ancient shepherds and mythologists. When a quote starts by saying that the ‘Bible says’ or the ‘Quran says’ it must be translated as ‘a poet says’ or ‘a mythologist says’ this and that. Christianism and Islamism are ideologies concocted as social orders they are not natural studies. We all live inside nature not in the kingdom of Narnia or Alice in wonderland; who cares about poets and mythologists? We are natural organisms; thus, our origin can only be solved by rational naturalists because the origin of man as many wise philosophers and scientists have stated is absolutely natural; but his destiny is uncertain will he perish like his counterparts of other several species in nature like the Mammoth and the Dinosaurs; without any significance or will his intelligence allow him to persist longer and even spread into the multiverse with the assistance of his technology and his machines? This is an open question but what has been settled is his origin and true identity; which is a wise animal that came about by mutation from some lower form.

[1] The Descent of  man; 1871: 10

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