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The school of CAMIDRCS

(coalition against mysticism in defence of reason commonsense and science)

The Secular Character

 

A secular man is emotionally intelligent; he does not impose his will on others. He recognizes not just the physical sovereignty of people but their emotional freedom and their freedom of thought and inquiry. He loves life as opposed to the psychotic mystic who is obsessed with self-mortification and death.

Even though ethics and morality are not the business of CAMIDRCS because the organization is established to defend metaphysical and epistemological facts; but, still it recognizes the importance of discipline in a society andthe reason that I decided to be silent about ethical and political systems is that it is man-made and subject to mutation by caprice and caprice brings about division and conflict.

But even a secular man has a character; in general according to my analysisI think the secular man is a man;who respects the freedom and will of other people; he is not a schizophrenic control freak who is obsessed with the subjugation of others under his boot.He is allergic to all types of cults whether natural or supernatural. He is a prudentman not a believer or gullible. Subjugation, vagary and beliefare the specific traitsof mystics, idealists and theirpartners―politicians.

A secular and rational man loves wisdom and the pursuit of knowledge to discover the unknown; he is a savant an intellectual and a book obsessed philosopher.He is a man who swallows every good book available to him. He loves his family, he respects his society and most importantly he abidesby the rule of law that he voted for to respect.

He respects the intellectual development of himself and others he is not an obscurant and a retardant force like mystics. He protects others and himself like a fragile sprouting plant which needs protection and nourishment; he empowers himself with wisdom and knowledge on every subject! He is extremely hungry for knowledge and facilitates the nourishment of others with wisdom. He understands that it is the ignorance and naivety of people which allows the spread of pseudosciences; thus, he combats that with empowerment and information―teaching people the right teachings― the teachings of logic,skepticism and critical thinking.

He is a staunch apostle of reality and realism; he defends facts and opposes the sacrifice of facts in the name of ‘morality’ for fiction.He respects the facts whether they are in his interest or whether they make him lugubrious.For example, evolution is an established fact but honestly speaking if you ask me whether I rather have evolved from some lower animal or something better and higher—I will choose something better and higher; but whatcan I do—that is not my choice;  I do not make the rules—Nature makes the rules; that is the choice of nature; the true divinity.

He is not a man inebriated with mythology to the stage of delusion and schizophrenia. He is a prudent man; askeptic and an inquirer of reality.He is a philanthropistwho loves sentient beings he wants to save others from extinction brought upon by pseudosciences and charlatans of every kind. He has an open mind and he is always ready to submit to new evidence; if presented without error and bonafide. He is not tenacious, dogmatic or fanatic. He aspires to reach for the stars and the era of the space age as opposed to fundamental fanatics who want to drag us back to the Iron Age.

 

He is self-regulated in his social union and engagement with other people in the society.As he believes in nature he understands that his nature is the source of his behavior. Hence, has no issue in his conduct. If he is apolitician he is the vanguard of intellectuals; of inquiry; of wisdom; of futurism andthe enemy of pseudosciences which exist to exterminate humanity.He is a hedonist who self-preserves; who takes care of his health as in for longevity and even a transcendentalist who improves the organs he acquired in evolutionto be something better.He is a Sci-fi fan who loves nature and the scientific method. He raises his kids to be skeptics and naturalists like himself with discipline as to their duty to their self, society and their country. He exhibits a clement and conducive character in his society. He loves his society that he makes up as a part and as an individual; he aligns and labors with his fellow beings for the benefit of individual interests.

 

He promotes epistemological realism, rationalism, objectivity; metaphysical naturalism and ethical hedonism as well as ethical transcendence. He is a visionary who sees into the stars and the future not in to the grave.He aspires for the establishment of a futuristic and rational society rather than a mystical and primitive society.Inshort, he is a futurist and the apostle of the great vision of futurism. He hates any type of ignorance which fosters superstition and dogma. He teaches his society skeptical thinking to liberate them from the stupor of ignorance that detains them is hogwash beliefs, ideologies, and mythologies; which are snares for their demise―he  makes them critical like Socrates  attempted to do;who was charged with corrupting the youth of Athens; because  he attempted to make those young men think critical. He had a choice to flee like Anaxagoras but he did not― he took on his fate with honorand valiance. He even stated bravely “unexamined life is not worth living.” Thus, the school of skepticism and the ‘impious’philosopher Socrates became the victim of the lowly self. Of the lowly self—which hates reason, individual liberty,intellectuals,hedonism, and transcendence―but which loves indolence,subjugation, mythology, the suffering of the individual and death.

 

Making people critical, rational and informed will help them in making better life choices;but charlatans and tyrannical government all over the worldlove nothing but a collection of gullible, malleable, mystical and naïve people to help them intheir subjugation of the society and they do not like the ramification of knowledge, logic and information in the society because an informed educated and health man is a free man impossible to convince with claptrap and enslave.In short, secularism and the secular character as beautiful as they are—protect the individual and the society from schizophrenia and irrational madness; it bestows secular morality; it drives humanity into the stars and the multiverse rather than the grave; it promotes life rather than death; freethought rather than obscurancy; facts rather than fiction; full mental, emotional, physical, economic and social health rather than morbidity and the dejection of hedonism mentally, emotionally, physically, socially, and economically.It promotes reason rather than vagary; it is founded on eternal nature, on logic and the emotional well being of the individual, and his happiness.

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A Search Strategy for Detecting Extraterrestrial Intelligence

by Prof. Carl Sagan

 

Suppose we have arranged a meeting at an unspecified place in New York City with a stranger we have never met and about whom we know nothing – a rather foolish arrangement, but one that is useful for our purposes. We are looking for him, and he is looking for us. What is our search strategy? We probably would not stand for a week on the corner of Seventy-eighth Street and Madison Avenue.

Instead, we would recall that there are a number of widely known landmarks in New York City – as well known to the stranger as to us. He knows we know them, we know he knows we know them, and so on. We then shuttle among these landmarks: The Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building, Grand Central Station, Radio City Music Hall, Lincoln Center, the United Nations, Times Square, and just conceivably, City Hall. We might even indulge ourselves in a few less likely possibilities, such as Yankee Stadium or the Manhattan entrance to the Staten Island Ferry. But there are not an infinite number of possibilities. There are not millions of possibilities; there are only a few dozen possibilities, and in time we can cover them all.

The situation is just the same in the frequency-search strategy for interstellar radio communication. In the absence of any prior contact, how do we know precisely where to search? How do we know which frequency or “station” to tune in on? There are at least millions of possible frequencies with reasonable radio bandpasses. But a civilization interested in communicating with us shares with us a common knowledge about radio astronomy and about our Galaxy. They know, for example, that the most abundant atom in the universe, hydrogen, characteristically emits at a frequency of 1,420 Megahertz. They know we know it. They know we know they know it. And so on. There are a few other abundant interstellar molecules, such as water or ammonia, which have their own characteristic frequencies of emission and absorption. Some of these lie in a region of the galactic radio spectrum where there is less background noise than others. This is also shared information. Students of this problem have come up with a short list of possibly a dozen frequencies that seem to be the obvious ones to examine. It is even conceivable that water-based life will communicate at water frequencies, ammonia-based life at ammonia frequencies, etc.

There appears to be a fair chance that advanced extraterrestrial civilizations are sending radio signals our way, and that we have the technology to receive such signals. How should a search for these signals be organized? Existing radio telescopes, even very small ones, would be adequate for a preliminary search. Indeed, the ongoing search at the Gorky Radiophysical Institute, in the Soviet Union, involves telescopes and instrumentation that are quite modest by contemporary standards.

The amiable and capable president of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, M. V. Keldysh, once told me, with a twinkle in his eye, that “when extraterrestrial intelligence is discovered, then it will become an important scientific problem.” A leading American physicist has argued forcefully with me that the best method to search for extraterrestrial intelligence is simply to do ordinary astronomy; if the discovery is to be made, it will be made serendipitously. But it seems to me that we can do something to enhance the likelihood of success in such a search, and that the ordinary pursuit of radio astronomy is not quite the same as an explicit search of certain stars, frequencies, bandpasses, and time constants for extraterrestrial intelligence.

But there are enormous numbers of stars to investigate, and many possible frequencies. A reasonable search program will almost certainly be a very long one. Such a search, using a large telescope full time, should take at least decades, by conservative estimates. The radio observers in such an enterprise, no matter how enthusiastic they may be about the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, would very likely become bored after many years of unsuccessful searching. A radio astronomer, like any other scientist, is interested in working on problems that have a high probability of more immediate results.

The ideal strategy would involve a large telescope that could devote something like half time to the search for extraterrestrial intelligent radio signals and about half time to the study of more conventional radioastronomical objectives, such as planets, radio stars, pulsars, interstellar molecules, and quasars. The difficulty in using several existing radio observatories, each for, say, 1 percent of their time, is that these activities would have to be pursued for many centuries to have a reasonable probability of success. Since the time on existing radio telescopes is mainly spoken for, larger allocations of time seem unlikely.

A wide variety of objects obviously should be examined: G-type stars, like our own; M-type stars, which are older; and exotic objects, which may be black holes or possible manifestations of astroengineering activities. The number of stars and other objects in our own Milky Way Galaxy is about two hundred billion, and the number that we must examine to have a fair chance of detecting such signals seems to be at least millions.

There is an alternative strategy to searching painfully each of millions of stars for the signals from a civilization not much more advanced than our own. We might examine an entire galaxy all at once for signals from civilizations much more advanced than ours . A small radio telescope can point at the nearest spiral galaxy to our own, the great galaxy M31 in the constellation Andromeda, and simultaneously observe some two hundred billion stars. Even if many of these stars were broadcasting with a technology only slightly in advance of our own, we would not pick them up. But if only a few are broadcasting with the power of a much more advanced civilization, we would detect them easily. In addition to examining nearby stars only slightly in advance of us, it therefore makes sense to examine, simultaneously, many stars in neighboring galaxies, only a few of which may have civilizations greatly in advance of our technology.

 

We have been describing a search for signals beamed in our general direction by civilizations interested in communicating with us. We ourselves are not beaming signals in the direction of some specific other star or stars. If all civilizations listened and none transmitted, we would each reach the erroneous conclusion that the Galaxy was unpopulated, except by ourselves. Accordingly, it has been proposed – as an alternative and much more expensive enterprise – that we also “eavesdrop”; that is, tune in on the signals that a civilization uses for its own purposes, such as domestic radio and television transmission, radar surveillance systems, and the like. A large radio telescope devoting half time to a rigorous search for intelligent extraterrestrial signals beamed our way would cost tens of millions of dollars (or rubles) to construct and operate. An array of large radio telescopes, designed to eavesdrop to a distance of some hundreds of lightyears, would cost many billions of dollars.

 

In addition, the chance of success in eavesdropping may be slight. One hundred years ago we had no domestic radio and television signals leaking out into space. One hundred years from now the development of tight beam transmission by satellites and cable television and new technologies may mean that again no radio and television signals would be leaking into space. It may be that such signals are detectable only for a few hundred years in the multibillion-year history of a planet. The eavesdropping enterprise, in addition to being expensive, may also have a very small probability of success.

 

The situation we find ourselves in is rather curious. There is at least a fair probability that there are many civilizations beaming signals our way. We have the technology to detect these signals out to immense distances – to the other side of the Galaxy. Except for a few back-burner efforts in the United States and the Soviet Union, we – that is, mankind – are not carrying out the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Such an enterprise is sufficiently exciting and, at last, sufficiently respectable that there would be little difficulty in staffing a radio observatory designed for this purpose with devoted, capable, and innovative scientists. The only obstacle appears to be money.

 

While not small change, some tens of millions of dollars (or rubles) is, nevertheless, an amount of money well within the reach of wealthy individuals and foundations. In fact, there is in astronomy a long and proud history of observatories funded by private individuals and foundations: The Lick Observatory, on Mount Hamilton, California, by Mr. Lick (who wanted to build a pyramid, but settled for an observatory – in the base of which he is buried); the Yerkes Observatory in Williams Bay, Wisconsin, by Mr. Yerkes; the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, by Mr. Lowell; and the Mount Wilson and Mount Palomar Observatories in Southern California, by a foundation established by Mr. Carnegie. Government money will probably be forthcoming for such an enterprise eventually. After all, it costs about the same as the replacement costs of  U.S. aircraft shot down over Vietnam in Christmas week, 1972. But a radio telescope designed for communication with extraterrestrial intelligence and an attached institute of exobiology would make a very fitting personal memorial for someone.

—The cosmic connection; 163: 1973

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What Happened Before the Big Bang?

by Michio Kaku

Not only would a quantum theory of gravity resolve what happens at the center of a black hole; it would also resolve what happened before the Big Bang.

At present, there is conclusive evidence that a cataclysmic explosion occurred roughly 15 billion years ago which sent the galaxies in the universe hurtling in all directions. Decades ago, physicist George Gamow and his colleagues predicted that the “echo” or afterglow of the Big Bang should be filling up the universe even today, radiating at a temperature just above absolute zero. It wasn’t until 1992, however, that the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) satellite finally picked up this “echo” ofthe Big Bang. Physicists were elated to find that hundreds of data points perfectly matched the prediction of the theory. The COBE satellite detected the presence of a background microwave radiation, with a temperature of 3 degrees above absolute zero, which fills up the entire universe.

Although the Big Bang theory is on solid experimental grounds, the frustrating feature of Einstein’s theory is that it says nothing about what happened before the Big Bang or why there was this cosmic explosion. In fact, Einstein’s theory says that the universe was originally a pinpoint that had infinite density, which is physically impossible.

Infinite singularities are not allowed in nature, so ultimately a quantum theory of gravity should give us a clue as to where the Big Bang came from.

The superstring theory, being a completely finite theory, gives us deeper insight into the era before the Big Bang. The theory states that at the instant of creation, the universe was actually an infinitesimal tendimensional bubble. But this bubble (somewhat like a soap bubble) split into six-and four-dimensional bubbles. The six-dimensional universe suddenly collapsed, thereby expanding the four-dimensional universe into the standard Big Bang.

Furthermore, this excitement about quantizing gravity is fueling a new branch of physics called “quantum cosmology,” which tries to apply the quantum theory to the universe at large. At first, quantum cosmology sounds like a contradiction in terms. The “quantum” deals with the very small, while “cosmology” deals with the very large, the universe itself. However, at the instant of creation, the universe was very small, so quantum effects dominated that early moment in time.

Quantum cosmology is based on the simple idea that we should treat the universe as a quantum object, in the same way that we treat the electron as a quantum object. In the quantum theory, we treat the electron as existing in several energy states at the same time. The electron is free to move between different orbits or energy states. This, in turn, gives us modern chemistry. Thus, according to Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle, you never know precisely where the electron is. The electron thus exists in several “parallel states” simultaneously.

Now consider the universe to be similar to an electron. If we quantize the universe, the universe must now exist simultaneously in several “parallel universes.” Once we quantize the universe, we are necessarily led to believe that the universe can exist in parallel quantum states. When applied to a universe, it gives us the “multiverse.”

Visions; Michio Kaku: 1998:350

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Beyond 2100: Our Place Among the Stars

by Prof. Michio Kaku

The fate of humanity ultimately must lie in the stars. This is not wishful thinking on the part of hopeless visionaries; it is mandated by the laws of quantum physics. Eventually, physics tell us, the earth must die.

Since it is inevitable that the earth will be destroyed sometime in the future, the space program may ultimately be our only salvation as a species. At some point in the distant future, either we stay on the planet and die with it or we leave and migrate to the stars.

Carl Sagan has written that human life is too precious to be restricted to one planet. Just as animal species increase their survivability by dispersing and migrating to different regions, humanity must eventually explore other worlds, if only out of self-interest. It is our fate to reach for the stars.

The upper limit for the existence of the earth is about 5 billion years, when the sun exhausts its hydrogen fuel and mutates into a red giant star. At that time, the atmosphere of the sun will expand enormously until it reaches the orbit of Mars. On earth, the oceans will gradually boil, the mountains will melt, the sky will be on fire, and the earth will be burnt into a cinder.

The poets have long asked whether the earth will die in fire or ice. The laws of quantum physics dictate the answer: the earth will die in fire. But even before that ultimate time 5 billion years from now when the sun exhausts its fuel, humanity will face a series of environmental disasters which could threaten its existence, such as cosmic collisions, new ice ages, and supernova explosions.

 

Cosmic Collisions

 

The earth lies within a cosmic shooting gallery filled with thousands of NEOs (Near Earth Objects) that could wipe out life on earth. Some   lurking in space undetected. In 1991, NASA estimated that there are 1,000 to 4,000 asteroids that cross the earth’s orbit which are greater than half a mile across and which could inflict enormous destruction on human civilization. The astronomers at the University of Arizona estimate that there are 500,000 near earth asteroids greater than a hundred meters across, and 100 million earth-crossing asteroids about ten meters across.

Surprisingly enough, every year, on average, there is an asteroid impact creating about 100 kilotons of explosive force. (Fortunately, these asteroids usually break up high in the atmosphere and rarely hit the earth’s surface.)

In June 1996, a close call with an NEO took place. This time asteroid 1996JA1, about one-third of a mile across, came within 280,000 miles of the earth, or a bit farther than the moon. It would have hit the earth with the force of about 10,000 megatons of explosive power (greater than the combined U.S./Russian nuclear weapons stockpile).

There were several deeply unsettling facts concerning both the 1993 asteroid and 1996JA1. First, they were undetected, suddenly appearing almost out of nowhere. Second, they were discovered not by any government-sponsored monitoring organization (there is none) but by mere accident. (Two students at the University of Arizona stumbled across 1996JA1.)

An asteroid only a kilometer across would create cosmic havoc by impacting on the earth. Astronomer Tom Gehrels of the University of Arizona estimates it would have the energy of a million Hiroshima bombs. If it “hit on the West Coast,” he adds, “the East Coast would go down in an earthquake; all your buildings in New York would collapse.” The shock wave would flatten much of the United States. If it hit the oceans, the tidal wave it created could be a mile high, enough to flood most coastal cities on earth. On land, the dust and dirt of an asteroid impact sent into the atmosphere would cut off the sun and cause temperatures to plunge on earth.

The most recent giant impact took place in Siberia, on June 30, 1908, near the Tunguska River, when a meteor or comet about fifty yards across exploded in midair, flattening up to 1,000 square miles of forest, as if a giant hand came down from the sky. The tremors were recorded as far as London.

About 15,000 years ago, a meteor hit Arizona, carving out the famous Barringer Crater, creating a hole almost three-quarters of a mile across. It was caused by an iron meteor about the size of a ten-story building.

And 64.9 million years ago (according to radioactive dating) the dinosaurs may have been killed off by the comet or meteor that hit the Yucatán in Mexico, gouging out an enormous crater about 180 miles across, making it the largest object to hit the earth in the last billion years.

One conclusion from all this is that a future meteor or comet impact which could threaten human civilization is inevitable. Furthermore, on the basis of previous incidences, we can even give a rough estimate of the time scale on which to expect another collision. Extrapolating from Newton’s laws of motion, there are 400 earth-crossing asteroids greater than one kilometer which definitely will hit the earth at some time in the future.

Within the next 300 years, we therefore expect to see another Tunguska-sized impact, which could wipe out an entire city. On the scale of thousands of years, we expect to see another Barringer type of impact, which can destroy a region. And on the scale of millions of years, we expect to see another impact that may threaten human existence.

Unfortunately, NEOs have a high “giggle factor.” As a result, NASA has allocated only $1 million per year to identify these planet-killing objects. Most of the work locating these NEOs is performed by a handful of amateurs.

Visions; MichioKaku: 1998:316

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What Is a Space Suit?

by Negash Alamin

First, it is important to realize that there are numerous types of space suits developed throughout history for different purposes in space by different countries for different missions starting from the first space suit worn by Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on the first manned mission to space in 1961 until today space suits. They are indispensable equipment in space exploration and investigation. They are protective attire useful to astronauts to accomplish scientific experiments and repair outer space machinery on the ISS.

Temperatures in outer space fluctuate between 121 degree centigrade and -232 degree centigrade. Outer space is also a vacuum which creates negative pressure that is not conducive to the human body to survive. A space suit must accomplish several functions including: it must provide stable atmospheric pressure; a cooling and temperature regulation mechanism; efficient mobility for work; effective circulation of oxygen and carbon dioxide; protection against UV radiation; protection against micro-meteorites which travel at tremendous speeds which could puncture the garment if it is not resistant enough.

The need for space suits rose when travelling at high altitudes became possible and the threat posed by low atmospheric pressure and temperature fluctuation became apparent. At high altitudes oxygen gets tinnier and the pressure that keeps our body fluids in our bodies becomes weaker. At 10.667 km atmospheric pressure is 3.5 pounds per square inch; whereas it is 14.7 pounds per square inch at sea level.In addition without sufficient pure oxygen the astronaut can lose consciousness in a minute.

Modern space suits are self-contained mini spacecrafts in themselves that have all the necessary elements to keep the scientist alive and aid him in his exploration. They even allow him or her to move about independently in space from the ISS module by a mechanism called SAFER  (simplified aid for EVA rescue) which is an apparatus on the back pack of their suit with thruster jets which the astronaut controls  like we saw in the movie Gravity performed by actor George Clooney.

In addition, to keeping the scientist and explorer alive these suits also allow for space walk or extra vehicular activity (EVA).Astronauts on the International space station (ISS) go out on space walks to fix equipment, conduct experiments, repair satellites, and perform other tasks. The first spacewalk was performed by Alexi Leonov and Ed white followed in a few months time.In addition to the suit they utilize safety tethers that are attached to themselves and to their space vehicle. It is an addition safety measure which keeps the astronauts from floating into space.

The detail of every suit developed by Russian and American scientists in history is intricate and superfluous for this article; but, to mention few types of space suits:

  • SK-1 (worn by Yuri in 1961)
  • Navy Mark IV (used for project Mercury)
  • Gemini suits
  • Apollo Block IA1C
  • Apollo A7L (worn in the moon landing on Apollo 11)
  • Orlan suits (current Russian suits)
  • Advanced Crew Escape suit ( used for leaving and entering earth while in flight)
  • EMU (Extra vehicular mobility unit which is used for EVA in earth orbit)

Thus, in general based on the model, purpose and era they were developed they all differed. Space suits haven’t stagnated in design or improvement as well as purpose; they are being improved as time moves on and private companies like Space X and others join space exploration.

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Ethics is conventional and it needs to be the votary of futurism: The need for secular morality

The problem with Iron Age religious morality is that it makes you deject your true creator which is nature, it makes you hate reason which is your means of making sense of your environment and ameliorating your condition; it opposes Freethought and inquiry as well as curiosity into the natural world. Now, how could that possibly be useful for mankind? How could an organization which promotes irrationality and delusion be useful?  How could abandoning nature be a salvation from natural diseases, natural disasters, and natural conflicts in societies? Isn’t understanding nature the beginning of all wisdom to solve all our issues? How would an institution which holds in high esteem the abandonment of reality be seen as virtuous―when all human problems including ethics are natural in nature? Shouldn’t we teach people to understand their nature which shapes the world in its own image? Honestly speaking supernatural escapism is a route to adversity and extinction.

 

Anyways, the so called ethics has always been conventional; whether it is a collection of good moral codes or evil moral codes. We can alter it based on our will to set good moral codes which support reason, science and philanthropy or evil moral codes which restrict the freedom of the individual, and promote suffering and death. Thus,Iron Age religions today belong to the later; they are erected on corpse of bonded individuals. People can choose whether to be selfish or selfless,  socialists or capitalists, vegetarians or carnivores, machines or animals, heterosexual or homosexual, disciplined or rowdy based on their determined freewill, and interestsas well as mood swings; but, what is not up for selection and choice are the fundamentals of reality.We cannot choose whether earth is the center of the universe or just a tiny speck in a solar system; whetherit is flat or round; whether we have descended from lower animals or from something else. The fundamentals of reality cannotnot be declared by whim; but,proven by experiments―theypersist whether it makes us happy or lugubrious; whether it is glamorous or not; the truthexits despite our protest or supportfor it and this is exactly what CAMIDRCS and amystology defend.

 

Ethics is man-made and it is not consistent throughout the world in different cultures and different societies; the socio-political system of every tribe and state on earth is different because social codes and systems are established by the whim of people. How could the vagary of people in different countries be identical? Ethics is ofcourse very important for a harmonious and well-functioning society and I am not denying the importance of morality; but, what I am stating is that it is not as important as metaphysics and as I said elsewhere our ethical rules should never contradict metaphysical truths. People can never declare earth to be flat by constitutional law in the United Nations or the so called Bible and observe the earth to be flat next morning.Thus, metaphysical truths should never be sacrificed for the sake of morality or ethics; metaphysical truths must be respected and accepted; whether they are in our interest or not. Social codes and systems can be created by consensus in a society; but, metaphysical truths cannot.

 

Politicians starting from the days of Athens—till todays governments who are possessed by what I have called the ‘monitor syndrome’ who are comfortable holding a stick behind the society and never leave office like children who never leave a candy store once they enter are obsessed with herding people like animals rather than hearing them; to understand their legitimate issues. Theyplacethe mystical institutions of religion not as a source of ‘ethics’ or ‘morality’ but as a source of subjugation and establish a divorce free marriage with them in order to gain full legitimacy. We observe this behavior in all types of governments except in Atheist governments like the former USSR and North Korea. Monarchs use this mythology of religion and its brutal rules to impose and legitimize themselves by proclaiming themselves as ‘appointed by the divinity.’ If they use these institution to serve and extend their reign; and modify its doctrines by fancy and convention to serve their interests; then, how could religion ethics bepossibly legitimate? But a hindrance to human progress; it is a tool of oppression to submit people for the whim of monarchs and tyrants. And this is exactly what religion and its so called sets of rules of ‘morality’stand for; as tools to aggregate and subjugate the individuals of a society to the interests of men that ever rose to power.We are being played by politiciansand their right hand men the so called priests; for their interests.

 

I understand that morality and ethics are important in a society as I said above; but, my objection comes when the so called man-made moral or ethical institutions deny proven metaphysical facts that are plain and palpable as well as discourage Freethought, natural investigation and transcendence.Denying metaphysical truths like evolution and important mind sets like reason for example will only make the quality of life of our society worse; it will derail us from our true origin and our true destination. Supernatural ‘ethical’ doctrines pervert our rational mind and deject our bright interplanetary future of expansion and longevity into the Cosmos and possibly even into the multiverse by promoting self-mortification and death.

 

Ethical and moral rules of any kind must respectthe divinity of nature, reason, the liberty of the individual, as well as futurism which is going to help us survive the death of our star. Instead of being ahindrance to the progress of research and  transcendence of mankind by promoting Iron age Cosmology and ‘ethics’―ethical institutionsmust promoteFreethought, the wellbeing and empowerment of the individual; encourage scientific research and inquiry into nature; as well as the ramification of the human race into space. Their obsession with fictitious tales of ‘life after death’ in order to reign in order in the 21st century may be effective on Iron Age peasants but not on the 21st century man. We need to develop a new kind of moral codesin our society which value individual dignity, sovereignty, humanity, liberty, empowerment as well as transcendence. Political leaders need to understand the grave threat that Iron Age religious codes or ethics presents to the 21stcentury human being who is screaming for respect, liberation, empowerment and transcendence. Religious figures must promote science, technology and futurism; if they really stand for the bliss of mankind; but, unfortunately they don’t; they are obsessed with the thralldom and the destruction of the individual.

Finally,my overall message concerning morality is that it is conventional—thus we must promulgate moral codes which are votaries of Freethought, reason, science, and philanthropy; whatever rules we establish these rules should never promote self-mortification, hatred for reason, hatred for individuality, hatred for hedonism or wellbeing, mystical nihilism,misanthropy, thralldom of the individual,and death. People who criticize obsolete religious morality are erroneously perceived as immoral advocates for libertinism; but, my writings, secular philosophy and organization are anything but. I am advocating for an alteration or abandonment of evil and obsolete moral codes of religious organizations; in order to suit 21st century man—who is almost turning into a machine by the explosive evolution of technology and aid him in his evolution to explore and conquer the Cosmos. And these moral codes that could serve this vision could only be self-preservation, Freethought, evidence based existence,logic, individual dignity, liberty, empowerment, futurism and humanism. Destructive delusion inducing defunct ethical doctrines of ancient shepherds and charlatans who had no clue about our Universe needs to go out the window and be replaced by modern morality which is compatible with reason, science and philanthropy.

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Parker solar probe to launch on 2018

by Negash Alamin

Formerly called Solar probe plus now designated Parker solar probe after Eugene N. parker professor at the University of Chicago is a probe designed to travel directly through the Sun’s atmosphere (solar wind) about 6,437,388.3515 km from the Sun’s surface. The data collected will augment our understanding of space weather and stellar function or how stars work.

According to NASA the probe is scheduled to launch on July 31, 2018 from Cape Canaveral Air force station, Florida. The probe was designed at John Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland. The probe will be exposed to severe heat from our star like no other probe; thus, possesses a heat shield or thermal protection system which is made of 11.43 centimeter thick carbon composite material that will reach 1,371 degree Celsius while in action in space.

The Sun is a 1,391,398.59 kilometer fire ball which has its own atmosphere called the heliosphere which encompasses the whole solar system. The Sun amazingly takes 99.8% of the entire mass of our solar system. The heliosphere is generated by the Sun’s constant outward expulsion of solar wind which can reach 20 billion miles long. The environment inside our solar system is thus different from the environment outside it or what is called the interstellar space. Generally, a solar wind consists of ionized atoms from the Sun’s corona outer layer and magnetic fields; the solar wind is ejected away from the sun in all directions at extreme supersonic speeds.

The temperatureinside the star is about 15 million degreesCelsius and the energy from thistemperature surfaces to the outer layer of the sun by convection andthis convection current is responsible for the magnetic fields of the star. The hot gas in the corona remains entangled in the magnetic fields of the Sun as you probably saw in a solar flare ejection video or picture which creates some sort of loop ring structure over the sun then bursts free to become the solar wind.

As the solar wind starts to reach interstellar space its velocity drops down and this point is called Termination shock; then this wind continually passes to what is called heliosheath and then to the heliopause.  Beyond our heliosphere or beyond the heliopause the interstellar space or the space between stars in our galaxy is filled with plasma and radiation from other stars which is more elevated than the Sun’s heliosphere.

In short, instruments like the Parker space probe will help us in understanding our astonishing and yet mysterious solar environment better and closer than before; which will aid us in planning other missions and most importantly to solve several questions which surround our metaphysical reality.

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